Welcome to Year 5!
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Biology, Physics and Chemistry at Hayesbrook
Year 5 scientists were in action at Hayesbrook this afternoon using iodine to identify starches and copper sulphate and sodium hydroxide to identify proteins in the biology lab, before going on to learn about air pressure in the physics lab (using a Bunsen burner to heat the air particles which in turn expanded our balloons and seeing the effect on a marshmallow when all air pressure is removed) and chemical reactions in chemistry. Just how much energy does one jelly baby release in our stomachs? And what happens when fire meets hydrogen?
Year 5 had a wonderful (exhausting) time on Outdoor Learning Day! First, led by Miss Hooper, we marched through Tonbridge Park, observing the flow and shape of the River Medway as we passed by. We were exceptionally knowledgeable about deposition and erosion, not to mention meanders. Next, we sketched Tonbridge Castle, having been given a long and informative lecture first about the Normans, mottes and baileys from Mrs O'Brien.
Finally, we went to Tonbridge Park and reinforced our excellent understanding of forces - friction, pushes and pulls. We didn't really want to, but the teachers then insisted that we display our Science learning by using the play equipment. As you can see from the photos, we reluctantly agreed. We then returned to school, more knowledgeable than when we left a few hours earlier.
We then headed out to lands afar (just like Darwin) on our biology journey. We looked at the structure of flowers and then had fun looking at the various methods of seed dispersal, before coming back to class to draw using Darwin's drawings of invertebrates as our inspiration. The day also provided us an opportunity to look at animals in the various stages of their life cycles. Using our excellent observational skills we spotted a baby snail, signets, swans and a froglet.
Challenge: Identify the parts of this flower using the diagram below.
Tonbridge School Community Day
Year 5 had a fantastic day out at the Gurdwara in Gravesend. On arrival, we all donned our headscarves and removed our shoes - the cool marble was lovely! We then were given a tour around the beautiful building and saw 'in action' all the things which we had been learning about in school - it was fascinating. Finally, we ate delicious food in the Langar - we even sat to eat on the floor which was very exciting - we have all decided to do that at home from now on. We hope you like some of these pictures!
Hands-On Science Every Day! :)
This term we have been learning about the properties and changes of materials.
We have tested, compared and grouped thermal conductors and insulators and electrical conductors and insulators. We have used our knowledge of solids, liquids and gases to decide how mixtures might be separated. We have made mixtures of solids, then filtered and sieved them. We have dissolved solids in liquids to make solutions and then used evaporation to recover a substance from a solution. We have cooked, burned and even mixed solids and acids to make gases. All the while we have been looking at physical reversible changes and some chemical irreversible changes, understanding that some changes result in the formation of new materials. Here we are in action.
Chemistry at Tonbridge School
We were very kindly invited to Tonbridge School to investigate physical and chemical changes of materials. It was very exciting using a Bunsen burner for the first time. We also learned the names of the other scientific equipment. Here we are in action filtering and evaporating our mixtures.
What do the words truss, beam, cantilever, clapper, suspension and arch all have in common?
They are all bridges!
Before bridge-making this week we went on a Google Expedition around 'Bridges of Great Britain'. Please tell an adult which was your favourite bridge and why.
1 - Tarr Steps, Somerset, England (Clapper Bridge)
2 - Iron Bridge, Telford, England (Arch Bridge)
3 - Hengoed Viaduct, Hengoed, Wales (Arched Viaduct)
4 - Tay Rail Bridge, Dundee, Scotland (Truss Bridge)
5 - Forth Bridge, Fife, Scotland (Cantilever Bridge)
6 - Tower Bridge, London, England (Bascule Bridge)
7 - Friarton Bridge, Perthshire, Scotland (Beam Bridge)
8 - Humber Bridge, Hull, England (Suspension Bridge)
9 - Second Severn Crossing, England, Wales (Cable-stayed Bridge)
After developing their architectural skills as bridge designers with detailed plans and measurements, the children donned their safety goggles to saw their wood, before using a glue gun to join their pieces to make a stable structure.
Science at Herstmonceux Observatory
As part of our unit on forces, Year 5 went to Herstmonceux Science Centre to investigate gravity, pushes, pulls, friction, air resistance, water resistance and mechanical advantages. And what fun we had with our learning as we investigated the various areas: Discovery Park, Water Park, telescope domes, Astronomy room, Light room, Planets/Earth room, Historical science room, Forces room and Art room.
In addition to our bridge building session, we also went to a show to learn about Sir Isaac Newton's 3 Laws of Motion.
Newton's 1st Law
An object at rest will remain at rest unless acted on by an unbalanced force. An object in motion continues in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. This law is often called "the law of inertia".
Newton's 2nd Law
Acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass. The greater the mass, the greater the amount of force needed.
Force = Mass x Acceleration F = M x A
Newton's 3rd Law
For every action there is an equal and opposite re-action.
Ukulele Music Maestros!
5PO have begun learning the ukulele and we think that we have done very well! We have learnt the basics - holding the ukulele correctly and sitting properly and now (having mastered some chords) we are composing music and performing to the class. We are all impressed with how well we are getting on - and how much fun it is!
With Cezanne as our Inspiration!
The children have developed their sketching skills using a variety of techniques including hatching, cross-hatching, contour lines and dots to add texture, show form and develop shading, just like Cezanne did when Pissarro told him to paint in the sunlight. What wonderful results!
Aspiring Year 5 architects and artists seek inspiration in London
On the train to London Year 5 learned about how London was rebuilt after the Great Fire of London, looking at street plans and learning about Sir Christopher Wren. We then visited the Monument to the Great Fire of London and walked up Pudding Lane. To get a birds-eye view of London we visited the Sky Garden in the Walkie-Talkie building to spot London landmarks like The London Eye, Thames, BT Tower, St Paul's Cathedral, Wembley Stadium Arch, the Cheese-grater, Gherkin, Tower of London, City Hall, HMS Belfast, the Shard, Tower Bridge, London Bridge and the Millennium Bridge. With the sun on our backs we then ate lunch overlooking the Tower of London before our artists commenced their sketching. Our last port of call on the Thames was to sketch Tower Bridge, before crossing it and heading back to London Bridge.
We had a whole school pancake race on Shrove Tuesday - we had a 'flipping' good time but it was also 'flippin' cold!
Chicks on tour - the chicks made their VIP visit to 5PO. They were very excited, but not quite as excited as we were - they were lovely! Clearing up their droppings afterwards was not quite so popular...
Patience Pays Off!
The chicks came to 5HL this afternoon. The children were incredibly patient waiting and hoping that the chicks would come to them. While we waited, we observed their appearance and pondered their movements. A scientific question was even posed. Were the chicks drawn to where the brooder was in our circle?
Our conclusion was yes!
However, we aren't sure if it was due to the heat, light, smell or some other factor.
China- The Year of the Rooster
Year 5 have been learning about the human and physical features of China's landscape, as well as learning about biomes, vegetation zones and latitude and longitude and time zones. Having compared the geographical features of a variety of tourist destinations, we then planned our own trips to China.
Have a look at the attached (and slightly abridged) document from the Chinese Tourism Office. Where would you choose to go?
Beijing Shanghai Hong Kong Guilin Hangszhou Suzhou Chengdu Xi'an Lhasa Hangshan
Google Expedition - China
To bring our learning to life, we went on virtual reality Google Expeditions to first, the Great Wall of China, then Beijing and finally Guilin. In Beijing, we went to the Forbidden City, the Summer Palace, Tiananmen Square, the mausoleum of Mao Zedong, the Temple of Heaven park and Beijing National Stadium, the 'Bird's Nest', as well as 'The Cube', the Olympic aquatic centre. After that we visited the mountains of Guilin forest, glistening rice paddies, Li River, Yangshuo Old Town and the Sun and Moon pagodas. The expedition was a huge success with constant oohs and aahs!
As part of the two week Readathon, 5HL enjoyed reading with 2SH.
Today the children took on the roles of Viking warriors, Anglo-Saxon archers, Viking gods and the Anglo-Saxon kings of Northumbria, Mercia and East Anglia before Alfred the Great of Wessex stood up for the Anglo-Saxons. We also met a Viking, and later an Anglo-Saxon (and excellent woodcarver) who had been taken as a servant by the Vikings. Then some wandering performers put on a good show as the Viking gods, Odin (with his ravens), the beautiful Frigg, Thor and his hammer and Loki the trickster- yes, that is a horse impersonation!